Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease that affects the soft and hard structures that support the teeth. In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen and red due to inflammation, which is the body’s natural response to the presence of harmful bacteria. In the more serious form of periodontal disease, called periodontitis, the gums pull away from the tooth and supporting gum tissues are destroyed. Bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or eventually fall out.

According to recent findings from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), half of Americans aged 30 or older have periodontitis, the more advanced form of periodontal disease. This equals approximately 64.7 million Americans.

Risk factors associated with gum disease include:

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Male Gender
  • Being 30+
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking/Alcoholism
  • Obesity/Metabolic Syndrome
  • Osteoporosis/Osteopenia
  • Poor nutrition
  • Low vitamin C & D intake
  • Stress
  • Depression
  • Pregnancy
  • Inflammatory disease such as arthritis/heart disease/diabetes
  • Hereditary
  • Medications
  • Faulty pre-existing dentistry
  • Bad bite, such as missing teeth & crowding
  • Immunocompromise
  • Connective tissue diseases
  • History of periodontal disease

Signs & Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

  • Bleeding when brushing or flossing
  • Deep gum pockets
  • Recession
  • Tooth mobility or shifting teeth
  • Furcation
  • Pus
  • Bone loss
  • Visible plaque/tartar
  • Painful chewing
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Tender, swollen, or red gums

Treatment for gum disease will depend on the severity of your condition. Dr. Karisha Madden may recommend one or more of the following treatments:

  • Gingivitis therapy
  • Gum disease therapy (scaling and root planing)
  • Laser-assisted bacterial reduction
  • Flouride varnish
  • CariFree CTx3 rinse
  • CariFree 5000 toothpaste gel
  • Sonicare toothbrush/Sonicare AirFloss
  • Referral to a periodontist for surgical treatment options

Periodontal disease (gum disease) can affect your general health, and has been linked to health issues such as heart disease, stroke, pancreatic and kidney cancer, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, high blood pressure, and head and neck cancer. We encourage you to contact Madden Dental today at (713) 667-8080 if you have noticed a change in your gum health or if you would like to schedule an appointment with our dentist to learn more about periodontal disease therapy in Bellaire, Texas.